PSI archive of labour market evaluations

Introduction

Over roughly two decades (1990-2013) the Policy Studies Institute (PSI) has been continuously involved in evaluating the labour market programmes initiated by government departments.  Most of these evaluations have used quantitative and economic evaluation methods.  The results of this research are potentially of value to researchers and to policy makers since they show both what has proved effective (and how) and what has worked less well (and why).  This PSI archive has been prepared to make it easier for anyone to access the original studies and to find quickly what is relevant to a particular subject or interest.

The collection is confined to quantitative evaluations, and is organized by type of labour market programme.  For example, you can find studies grouped under such headings as 'New Deal' programmes for young unemployed people, Labour market programmes for lone parents, Training programmes for unemployed people, and Job search services for the unemployed.  This makes it easy to see at a glance what work has been done at PSI over the years on a particular theme that is likely to be of continuing policy concern.  Along with the bibliographic reference for each study, there is a link to the full-text, where available*.

Nearly all reports were written for policy audiences and it is hoped that each report will make the research results accessible to the non-specialist reader.

Finally, there are some earlier PSI studies of unemployment which may be of some background interest, and which PSI is making accessible here in digital format.  These include a 1994 book of edited papers, Unemployment, public policy and the changing labour market, from a research conference hosted by the then Employment Service (forerunner of the Jobcentre Plus organization).  Several of the papers may have some continuing relevance to current debates, eg, concerning hardship, job search, part-time working and precarious jobs.  Also, we have made available two papers, one on psychosocial health issues among young unemployed people and the other on the effects of the New Deal on health, based on research funded by the Department of Health.  The relationships between health and unemployment, or between unemployment and health, surely deserve renewed attention at this time when many people may be experiencing severe stress as a result of unstable employment and financial hardship.

Michael White, Emeritus Fellow
Policy Studies Institute
July 2013

*Some links are to publications on external sites eg, National Archives. Others are to pdfs on the PSI website:  please see PSI copyright information.



1. ERA Programme (composite intervention with financial incentives and post-employment follow through)

Hendra, R., Riccio, J. A., Dorsett, R., Greenberg, D. H., Knight, G., Phillips, J., . . . Smith, J. (2011). Breaking the low-pay, no-pay cycle: final evidence from the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 765). Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.

Miller, C., Bewley, H., Campbell-Barr, V., Dorsett, R., Hamilton, G., Hoggart, L., . . . Vegeris, S. (2008). Implementation and second-year impacts for New Deal 25 Plus customers in the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 520). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Walker, R., Hoggart, L., Hamilton, G., & Blank, S. (2006). Making random assignment happen: evidence from the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 330). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.


2 Methodology studies and reviews

Auspos, P., Riccio, J., & White, M. (1999). A review of US and European literature on the microeconomic effects of labour market programmes for young people.  (Employment Service. Report; ESR20). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Bryson, A., Evans, M., Knight, G., La Valle, I., & Vegeris, S. (2007). New Zealand Working For Families programme: methodological considerations for evaluating MSD programmes. (PSI research discussion paper; 26). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Evans, M., Knight, G., & La Valle, I. (2006). New Zealand Working For Families programme: literature review of evaluation evidence. (PSI research discussion paper; 25). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Greenberg, D., Knight, G., Speckesser, S., & Hevenstone, D. (2011). Improving DWP assessment of the relative costs and benefits of employment programmes. (Department for Work and Pensions. Working paper; no. 100) .Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.

Knight, G., Vegeris, S., Ray, K., Bertram, C., Davidson, R., Dunn, A., . . . Taylor, C. (2010). Jobseekers Regime and Flexible New Deal, the Six Month Offer and Support for the Newly Employed evaluations: an early process study. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 624). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Lakey, J., Mukherjee, A., & White, M. (2001). Youth unemployment, labour market programmes and health: a review of the literature. (PSI report; 869). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Payne, C., & Payne, J. (2000). Early identification of the long-term unemployed. (PSI research discussion paper; 4). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Vegeris, S., Vowden, K., Bertram, C., Davidson, R., Durante, L., Hudson, M., . . . Smeaton, D. (2010). Jobseekers Regime and Flexible New Deal evaluation: a report on qualitative research findings. (Department for Work and Pensions.  Research report; no. 706). London: Department for Work and Pensions.

Vegeris, S., Vowden, K., Bertram, C., Davidson, R., Husain, F., Mackinnon, K., & Smeaton, D. (2010). Support for newly unemployed and six month offer evaluations: a report on qualitative research findings. (Department for Work and Pensions.  Research report; no. 691). London: Department for Work and Pensions.

White, M., & Knight, G. (2002). Benchmarking the effectiveness of NDYP: a review of European and US literature on the microeconomic effects of labour market programmes for young people . (Discussion paper; 10). London: Policy Studies Institute.


3 Pathways to Work (employment programme for incapacity claimants)

Adam, S., Bozio, A., Emmerson, C., Greenberg, D. H., & Knight, G. (2008). A cost-benefit analysis of Pathways to Work for new and repeat incapacity benefits claimants. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 498). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Bewley, H., Dorsett, R., & Haile, G. (2007). The impact of Pathways to Work. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 435). Leeds: Corporate Document Services for Department for Work and Pensions.

Bewley, H., Dorsett, R., & Ratto, M. (2008). Evidence on the effect of Pathways to Work on existing claimants. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 488). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Bewley, H., Dorsett, R., & Salis, S. (2008). The impact of Pathways on benefit receipt in the expansion areas. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 552). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Bewley, H., Dorsett, R., & Salis, S. (2009). The impact of Pathways to Work on work, earnings and self-reported health in the April 2006 expansion areas. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 601). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Dorsett, R. (2008). Pathways to work for new and repeat incapacity benefits claimants: evaluation synthesis report. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 525). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Hudson, M., Phillips, J., Ray, K., Vegeris, S., & Davidson, R. (2010). The influence of outcome-based contracting on Provider-led Pathways to Work. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 638). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Hudson, M., Ray, K., Vegeris, S., & Brooks, S. (2009). People with mental health conditions and Pathways to Work. (Department of Work and Pensions.  Research report; no. 593). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Knight, G., Salis, S., Francavilla, F., Radu, D., Hevenstone, D., Mocca, E., & Tousley, B. (2013). Provider-led pathways to work: net impacts on employment and benefits. (Department for Work and Pensions.  Working paper; no. 113). Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.


4 Labour market programmes for older jobseekers or long-term unemployed

Bryson, A., Lissenburgh, S., & Payne, J. (1998). The first Project Work pilots: a quantitative evaluation. (Employment Service. Report; ESR10). [Sheffield]: Employment Service.

Cappellari, L., Dorsett, R., & Haile, G. (2005). Labour market transitions among the over-50s. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 296). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.

Dorsett, R., & Smeaton, D. (2008). Mandating intensive activity period for jobseekers aged 50+ : final report of the quantitative evaluation. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 500). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Lissenburgh, S. (2000). New Deal for the Long-term Unemployed pilots: baseline report. (Employment Service. Report; ESR59). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Lissenburgh, S. (2001). New Deal for the Long Term Unemployed pilots: quantitative evaluation using stage 2 survey. (Employment Service. Report; ESR81). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Lissenburgh, S. (2001). New Deal for the Long-Term Unemployed:  a comparison of provision in pilot and national areas. (Employment Service. Report; ESR69). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Vegeris, S., Smeaton, D., & Sahin-Dikmen, M. (2010). 50+ back to work evidence review and indicative guide for secondary data analysis. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 615). Norwich: HMSO for Department for Work and Pensions.

Wilkinson, D. (2003). New deal for people aged 25 and over: a synthesis report. (Department for Work and Pensions. Report; W161). Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.


5 Labour market programmes for lone parents (work focused interviews, job search services, and New Deal for Lone Parents that also provides access to education, training, and childcare support)

Brewer, M., Browne, J., Crawford, C., & Knight, G. (2007). The lone parent pilots after 12 to 24 months: an impact assessment of In-Work Credit, Work Search Premium, Extended Schools Childcare, Quarterly Work Focused Interviews and New Deal Plus for Lone Parents. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 415). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.

Knight, G., & Lissenburgh, S. (2004). Evaluation of lone parent work focused interviews: final findings from administrative data analysis. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; W182). Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.

Knight, G., Speckesser, S., Smith, J., Dolton, P., & Azevedo, J. P. (2006). Lone Parents Work Focused Interviews/New Deal for Lone Parents: combined evaluation and further net impacts. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report no. 368). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.

Knight, G., & Thomas, A. (2006). LPWFI and review meetings administrative data analyses and qualitative evidence: final report. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; 315). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.

Knight, G., & White, M. (2003). Evaluation of lone parent personal adviser meetings: interim findings from administrative data analysis. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; W159). Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.


6 Labour market programmes for workless couples and for partners of unemployed claimants

Bewley, H., Dorsett, R., & Thomas, A. (2005). Joint claims for JSA evaluation - synthesis of findings. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 235). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.

Bonjour, D., & Dorsett, R. (2002). New Deal for Partners : characteristics and labour market transitions of eligible couples. (Department for Work and Pensions. Report; WAE134). [Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions].

Dorsett, R. (2001). Workless couples: characteristics and labour market transitions. (Employment Service. Report; ESR79). Sheffield: Employment Service. 

Dorsett, R. (2001). Workless couples: modelling labour market transitions. (Employment Service. Report; ESR98). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Dorsett, R. (2003). Unemployed couples: the labour market effects of making both partners search for work. (PSI research discussion paper; 13). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Dorsett, R., Haile, G., & Speckesser, S. (2006). Work Focused Interviews for Partners and enhanced New Deal for Partners : quantitative impact assessment. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 352). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.


7 Training programmes for unemployed people

Anderson, T., Dorsett, R., Hales, J., Lissenburgh, S., Pires, C., & Smeaton, D. (2004). Work-based learning for adults: an evaluation of labour market effects. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; WAE 187). Sheffield: Department for Work and Pensions.

Payne, J. (2000). Evaluating training programmes for the long-term unemployed: an illustration of the matched comparison group methodology. (PSI research discussion paper; 1). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Payne, J., Lissenburgh, S., White, M., & Payne, C. (1996). Employment Training and Employment Action: an evaluation by the matched comparison method. (Department for Education and Employment; Research series; no. 74). Sheffield: Department for Education and Employment. [no pdf available]

Payne, J., Payne, C., Lissenburgh, S., & Range, M. (1999). Work-based training and job prospects for the unemployed: an evaluation of training for work. (Department for Education and Employment. Research report; RR96). [London]: Department for Education and Employment.

Speckesser, S., & Bewley, H. (2006). The longer term outcomes of work-based learning for adults: evidence from administrative data. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 390). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.


8 ‘New Deal' programmes for Young Unemployed People

Bonjour, D., Dorsett, R., Knight, G., Lissenburgh, S., Mukherjee, A., Payne, J., . . . White, M. (2001). New Deal for Young People: national survey of participants: stage 2. (Employment Service. Report; ESR67). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Bryson, A., Knight, G., & White, M. (2000). New deal for young people: national survey of participants: stage 1. (Employment Service. Report; ESR44). Sheffield: Employment Service.

Dorsett, R. (2005). The New Deal for Young People: relative effectiveness of the options in reducing male unemployment. (Research discussion paper; 7). London: Policy Studies Institute.

Dorsett, R. (2006). The new deal for young people: effect on the labour market status of young men. Labour Economics, 13(3), 405-422. doi: 10.1016/j.labeco.2004.10.006

Lakey, J., & Bonjour, D. (2002). Health impacts of New Deal for Young People. (PSI report; no. 884). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M. (2004). Effective job search practice in the UK’s mandatory Welfare-to-Work Programme for Youth. (Research discussion paper; 17). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M., & Riley, R. (2002). Findings from the macro evaluation of the New Deal for Young People. (Department for Work and Pensions. Research report; no. 168). Leeds: Corporate Document Services.

Wilkinson, D. (2003). New deal for young people: evaluation of unemployment flows. (Research discussion paper; 15). London: Policy Studies Institute.


9 Job search services for the unemployed

Payne, J., Casey, B., Payne, C., & Connolly, S. (1996). Long-term unemployment: individual risk factors and outcomes. (PSI report; 807). London: Policy Studies Institute. [no pdf available]

White, M., & Lakey, J. (1992). The Restart effect : evaluation of a labour market programme for unemployed people. (PSI research report; 739). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M., Lissenburgh, S., & Bryson, A. (1997). The impact of public job placing programmes. (PSI report; 846). London: Policy Studies Institute. [no pdf available]


10 Other publications on unemployment by PSI authors

Bryson, A., & White, M. (1996). From unemployment to self-employment: the consequences of self-employment for the long-term unemployed. (PSI report; 820). London: Policy Studies Institute. [no pdf available]

Daniel, W. W. (1974). A national survey of the unemployed. (Broadsheet; no. 546). London: PEP. [no pdf available]

Daniel, W. W. (1990). The unemployed flow. London: Policy Studies Institute.

Daniel, W. W., & Stilgoe, E. (1977). Where are they now?: a follow-up study of the unemployed. (Broadsheet; no. 572). London: PEP. [no pdf available]

Gallie, D., White, M., Cheng, Y., & Tomlinson, M. (1998). Restructuring the employment relationship. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Chapter 5 - The growth of job insecurity). [no pdf available]

McRae, S. (1987). Young and jobless: the social and personal consequences of long-term youth unemployment. (PSI research report; 671). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M. (1983). Long-term unemployment and labour markets. ([Report]; 622). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M. (1991). Against unemployment. (PSI research report; 686). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M. (ed.). (1994). Unemployment, public policy and the changing labour market. (PSI research report; 788). London: Policy Studies Institute.

White, M., & Forth, J. (1998). Pathways through unemployment: the effects of a flexible labour market. (Work and opportunity series; no. 5). York: YPS for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Summary (JRF Findings) available here